1751/2 - Present
Moravian settlement consisting of Choir houses,
workshops, school and farm, chapel & burial ground set around an
open green. Due to its central location was for a while the national
co-ordinating point for the Moravian Church.
GRID REF: SK 426365
REF: Villages of Vision / www.moravian.org.uk
Colony 1876 - 188?
FOUNDER/LEADER: John Ruskin
13-acre farm purchased by Ruskin's St Georges Guild for a group
of Sheffield workmen. Run initially as an allotment scheme, then as
a land colony with around 12 members. There were numerous arguments
and disagreement that finally sank the scheme. Still known as St George's
Farm. Referred to variously, even by Ruskin himself, as Abbeyfield Allotments,
Mickley Botanical Gardens & Totley Colony.
GRID REF: SK303801
REF: Alt Com 19th Cent Eng / Heavens Below/Designing Utopia.
7acre smallholding where socialist philosopher Edward Carpenter and
his gay partner George Merrill kept open house whilst living the 'simple
GRID REF: Bradway, between Sheffield and Chesterfield.
REF: My days and dreams. E.Carpenter.
Guild of Handicrafts C1890
Short-lived country outpost of CR Ashbee's Guild
of Handicrafts at the Abbotsholme progressive school.
GRID REF: NrAshbourne
REF: Back to the Land. Jan March. Quartet Books 1982
Experiment in co-operative agriculture carried out by
Bolton King, secretary to the Mansion House Ctte.
GRID REF: SK284360 Radbourne
REF: Heavens Below p325
1896 - 1900
Simple life anarchist land colony inspired by Edward
Carpenter. Ran a small market garden in the grounds of Norton Hall.
GRID REF: Location Unkown
REF: Alt Com 19th Cent Eng
Women's University Settlement.
GRID REF: Church Lane Chesterfield
REF: Listed in Labour Annual 1905
Land Settlement Association smallholding scheme. (See
GRID REF: SK482734?(Nr Bolsover?)
REF: Colin Ward D&D 94/95