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Utopia Britannica

British Utopian Experiments 1325 - 1945

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DURHAM

New Middleton 1815 - 1905
The second largest estate of the London Lead Company, purchased and built in 1815, on similar lines to Nent Head. During the first fifty years over I00 cottages were built and many houses and farms rebuilt. Like Nent Head, offices, school, chapels, baths, a clock tower, etc., in fact all the social amenities that the old village did not possess were provided. After I880 Middleton became the head office of the Company and the residence of the agent and general manager.
GRID REF: NY952251
REF: Two Centuries of Industrial Welfare.

Stockton Provident Soc. 1865 -
In 1904 the Stockton on Tees Co-operative Society expanded its operations into house building for its members Land was purchased for the erection of 200 or more houses.
GRID REF: Location Unknown
REF: The History of Co-operation.

Heartbreak hill C1930s
Land colonisation scheme set up for Cleveland ironstone workers by Rolf Gardiner. (See Springhead Dorset)
GRID REF: Location Unknown
REF: Journal of the Oral History Soc.

Spennymoor Settlement 1930 - 1962
Founded by Bill & Betty Farrell with the aid of the Pilgrim Trust, to provide a community centre in Spennymoor, a small industrial town in the depressed south Durham coalfield area. Its objectives were "To encourage tolerant neighbourliness and voluntary social services and give its members opportunities for increasing their knowledge, widening their interests, and cultivating their creative powers in a friendly atmosphere". It fostered amateur drama, art, literary and musical activities, provided a children's play centre, a citizen's advice bureau and poorman's lawyer service, and a range of other recreational, educational and welfare activities, and housed a branch of the county library. . In 1938-1939 it built its Everyman Theatre-Art Gallery. Among the painters and writers it encouraged were Norman Cornish, Herbert Dees, Tom McGuinness, and Sid Chaplin. The Farrells retired in the fifties, when the Settlement ceased to have a resident warden.
GRID REF: Spennymoor, Co. Durham
REF: Spennymoor Settlement Papers: Durham University Library Archives & Special Collections

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Site last updated 3.1.2007